Practical Implementation Advice
- Flowing data to EPA from the current State UIC programs through the Exchange Network is a priority objective and has already been implemented in nearly half of the UIC programs. Partners with EN nodes that are not already flowing UIC data via the Network are encouraged to implement the flow.
- Agencies with responsibility for submitting UIC data that do not have an EN node should consider partnering with agencies or other organizations that do have a node or use free node technology.
- Partners can submit data using Access or Oracle database and the UIC client. The Access database template is available at UIC Data Exchange. Partners can also submit data via the EN Services Center.
- Some programs are currently submitting paper-based 7520 forms to the UIC program. These Partners and EPA are working on transitioning reporting to the Exchange Network.
UIC Data Flow Options
The figure presents the current options for flowing data. Exchange Network (EN) flow options are shown in green and non-EN options are shown in red.
Exchange Network Flows: Underground Injection Controls (UIC)
Summary of Current Practice
The UIC schema is stable and robust submission tools are available.
Programs not flowing data via the EN submit their data in paper, spreadsheet or other non-electronic form (i.e. no other legacy electronic data submission systems exist). UIC has stated its intention to eventually receive all submissions via the established EN UIC data flow by 2013.
UIC Flow Status and Milestones
To transition users from manual submissions to the Exchange Network, OW is focusing on outreach and recruitment of remaining non-EN submitters with a Q4, 2013 target for full implementation. The table below shows institutional responsibilities and target completion dates for each activity. (EPA general criteria for assessing the “readiness” of National System Flows is included as Attachment 2).
|Solutions for all Partners||Done|
|Access to transaction status||Done|
|Accessible and stable flow documentation||Done|
|Specifications for Data Access Services||
|UIC Reporting Services are available for registered EPA intranet users to access standard reports and extract raw data in MS Access to the client’s side. Other users may access UIC reporting services on request.||Office of Groundwater and Drinking Water (OGWDW)||TBD|
|Clear path to eliminate alternatives||Done|
Node: A Partner’s point of presence on the EN consisting of a server (hardware and software) enabled with web services that allow Partners to automatically provide and receive information via the Network and to publish data for use by other Partners.
Node Client: A stand-alone application (i.e., software code) that lets Partners share data, request data, and receive results from an EN request. Clients differ from nodes in that they cannot respond to queries from other nodes and so cannot publish data. Clients also need more manual (rather than automated) steps, for example, to extract data and generate and review reports before submission.
EN Services Center: A website that allows Partners to easily send, get, and download information from other Partners. The Services Center will serve as a replacement for manual submissions of information through CDX Web. It is an appropriate solution for those Partners who do not require or are not yet ready for the automation and data publishing capabilities of an EN Node. The EN Services Center is available at https://enservices.epa.gov.
CDX: EPA’s Central Data Exchange. It serves as EPA’s centralized electronic report receiving system. It receives data from Partners and directs the data to EPA’s program-specific National Systems (e.g., AQS, WQX, etc.).
CDX Node: CDX Node is EPA’s node on the Network, allowing EPA to receive, send, and provide information via the Network. CDX Node can also publish EPA data for use by other Partners.
CDX Web (non-EN) Application: A legacy CDX application that receives data (flat file or XML format) via standard web browsers. CDX Web applications are not consistent with EN protocols (e.g., they have a separate authentication and authorization service from the EN) and typically involve more manual steps than a node-to-node exchange of data.
Data Access Services: Using web services to make data available to Partners by querying nodes and returning environmental data in the form of XML documents. Published data can be accessed using a node or clients. Published data can be used in a number of ways, such as populating Web pages, synchronizing data between sites, viewing data in a Web service client, or building new sources of data into an integrated application.
Direct User: A Partner entering data directly into a National Data System through a system-specific interface (manual entry).
EPA National Data System: Program-specific data systems at EPA that can receive and publish data..
Local Data System: A Partner’s database or series of databases in which environmental data are stored, managed, and manipulated.
XML: eXtensible Markup Language is a flexible language for creating common information formats and sharing both the format and content of data over the Internet and elsewhere. The electronic language that expresses and transports data standards and transaction sets. XML uses an extensible set of tags to describe the meaning of data.
National System Flow “Ready-to-Use” Criteria
A focus of Governance has been developing the National System Flows to help Partners take advantage of the Network’s business value. Governance has identified six criteria for each flow to meet to make these flows “ready to use,” they are:
- Automation-ready flows. Support fully automated node-to-node flows.
- Solutions for all Partners. Provide appropriately scaled solutions for Partners of all sizes, needs, and capabilities. Some Partners such as Tribes and local clean air authorities may not need a fully functional node, therefore, other solutions should be available.
- Access to transaction status. Support a fully automated process for reporting transaction status, processing results, and QA results from receipt by CDX through final processing in the National System.
- Accessible and stable flow documentation. Develop and make accessible stable documentation that describes all flow requirements. This includes a complete Flow Configuration Document (FCD) that is in compliance with EN procedures for version management.
- Specifications for Data Access Services. Provide a national standard set of query/solicit services defined in the FCD whether or not data are currently published. Implement a publishing interface where published data are critical to partner business processes (such as NPDES permit information for NetDMR).
- Clear path to eliminate alternatives. Have a clear path to eliminate legacy system alternatives to data exchanges, including transition support for Partners.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
dorsey.towana [at] epa.gov